Age Related Macular degeneration, sometimes referred to as macular degeneration, is a chronic eye disease that affects the macula and causes diminished central vision. The macula is the central part of the retina which is responsible for visual acuity. It allows us to read and write, work on a computer or smartphone, recognize colours and faces, drive and view objects in fine detail. Researchers estimate that ARMD is responsible for about 5% of the global burden of blindness.
The natural lens of the eye helps to focus light on the retina for clear vision. However, our clear natural lens begins to become cloudy over a period of time and this is known as cataract formation. It is a degenerative condition that interferes with vision. This impairment of vision affects the quality of life. Generally, cataract formation is age-related, but very rarely this condition can occur at birth or in younger people as well. If left untreated,