Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the modern world. It is the leading cause of poor vision and blindness. Diabetic Macular Edema (DME), a complication of diabetes, contributes greatly to this low vision or blindness. It affects up to 50% of people diagnosed with diabetes.
The light-sensitive layer of retinal cells converts light into electrical signals which are then sent to the brain where they are turned into the images we see. A brilliant network of tiny blood vessels constantly supplies blood to the retina.
The retina is the thin layer of tissue that is light-sensitive. This layer lines the inside of the back of the eye. It sends visual messages to the brain via the optic nerve. In some people, the retina detaches; it is pulled or lifted from its normal position. Retinal breaks or tears in small retinal areas can result in retinal detachment.
If you think your eyesight is normal and you are not wearing specs too, chances are, you have hardly visited an ophthalmologist. Most of the eye disorders are detected too late with the underlying conditions having progressed far enough to warrant a consultation with a specialist.