Diabetic Retinopathy is a common complication of Diabetes mellitus which can happen in patients with both Type I and Type II diabetes. The duration of the disease and poor glycemic control are directly associated with the development of this condition. It causes the blood vessels in your retina to swell in the initial phase, eventually leading to occlusion of the blood vessels.
Retinal detachment is a serious event and needs immediate medical attention. It is a sight-threatening condition where the retina gets separated from its underlying supportive tissue.
An Epiretinal Membrane or ERM is a condition in which a clear, transparent and very thin layer of fibrous cellular material forms on the surface of the retina. The macula is affected in this condition and it causes blurred or distorted vision.
A macular hole is a small gap or break in the macula that can lead to blurring or distortion of central vision.
Age Related Macular degeneration, sometimes referred to as macular degeneration, is a chronic eye disease that affects the macula and causes diminished central vision. The macula is the central part of the retina which is responsible for visual acuity. It allows us to read and write, work on a computer or smartphone, recognize colours and faces, drive and view objects in fine detail. Researchers estimate that ARMD is responsible for about 5% of the global burden of blindness.
Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of rare eye disorder. It is an inherited condition that involves the breakdown and loss of retinal cells.
Eyes deliver four-fifths of the information that our brain receives. However, when it comes to eye diseases, one might miss marking any symptoms, since they are not easily detected or may be painless. There are several common and rare eye conditions which affect vision. A healthy retina is essential for clear vision. Retinal diseases are common as they can affect any part of the eye retina. As retinal diseases affect the vital eye tissue, it causes serious problems, affects vision, some even leading to blindness.
A cataract is clouding of the natural crystalline lens of the eye. This obstructs the passage of light onto the retina at the back of the eye and affects the person’s ability to see clearly. Generally, cataract is seen in old age and such type of cataract is known as a senile cataract. If left untreated cataract leads to blindness.
Vitrectomy refers to a surgical procedure which involves removal of the vitreous gel from the eye. It is a surgical procedure where small ports are created to introduce instruments into the eye and then the surgery performed with the aid of a vitrectomy machine which delivers high speed cutting to the cutting probe and a light source for visualisation of the inside of the eye and also requires high end microscope fitted with special lens system which gives a wide angle view of the entire retina.