It is an occlusion of the main blood vessel (central retinal artery) supplying the retina. It presents as a sudden and painless loss of vision. It is usually noted in patients with diabetes, hypertension (high BP), heart problems and clotting disorders of the blood. Older patients and smokers are at a higher risk. Inflammation or obstruction of the blood vessels leading to the eye can also result in abnormal tissue or clot being transmitted to central retinal artery causing its occlusion.
A dilated retinal examination is done where a characteristic cherry red spot is noted in the central part of the retina. Occasionally the causative fat /tissue debris/clot can also be identified. Presence of tissue debris in the eye also suggests the possibility of similar problem occurring in other critical parts of the body like the heart or the brain. Hence a consultation with a cardiologist or a neurologist may also be suggested.
If the patient presents early, efforts are made to reduce the intraocular pressure of the eye. This can be done by medication, eye massage or by draining some fluid from the eye. The logic of these procedures is to dislodge the pathology causing the occlusion by restoring the normal blood vessel. A small percentage of people presenting early get benefited by these measures.
This can be done by maintaining a healthy weight and consuming healthy diet. Regular exercises and control of blood sugars also provide protection. Avoiding smoking also benefits the patient.
Fundus picture of a patient with
Fundus picture of the same patient after vitrectomy
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“My dad had a retinal detachment which was found overnight and he had to undergo retinal detachment surgery (vitrectomy) within 7days. He flew down to Hyderabad and directly to Raja Ram Reddy. He suggested to go for surgery the very next day. It was a successful surgery and my dad got discharged in the evening. He is very cordial and really nice in speaking. He is calm cool minded. A perfect doctor to consult.”
“I'm very happy with the drs approach and very patiently examined I have great confidence in Dr reddy its been three years that I come to Dr reddy all the way from Kolkata wish we have doctors like him at Kolkata too.”
ANIL KUMAR AGARWAL
“Best..Wonderful clinic with very helpful staff and well experienced and caring doctors like Dr.Srinivas and Dr.R.R.Reddy... I took my father who is diabetic and heart patient also for his eye surgery and the doctors guided us v.nicely to take care of him b4 & after surgery and my father's eyes r perfect...mashallah...thanks to God and then the neoretina team...Well done...keep spreading the light of vision in the life of others too. ”
“I know her from since 3 years she diagnosed the retina detachment in my left eye and explained about the treatment. She works for NEORETINA eye care institute which is located in the nampally hyderabad. She clarifies each and every doubt of the patient patiently without any irritation. I mean some doctors gets irritated when the patient asks more questions but that's not the case with alka Rani madam. I suggest to all who are suffering from eye disorders to visit neoretina for timely treatment and speedy recovery.”
“Excellent attention to my eye problem doctor Abhilasha Baharani at Neo Retina Eye Care Institute was very cooperative she is very echo friendly clear voice n determined i will in sha Allah refer to all of my near n dear to visit her if any one having eye problems i appreciate thanks a lot.”
“Dr. Raja is one of the foremost experts in retina issues. He is very approachable at the same time gives you valuable advice.”