PATIENT EDUCATION
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GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma

Beware of Glaucoma – A Silent Thief of Vision

Glaucoma is a condition wherein an increased intraocular pressure damages the optic nerve thereby affecting vision. Glaucoma is a disease of the eye that slowly and painlessly takes away your sight. That’s the reason it is called ‘Silent Thief of Sight’.

There is no proven way to cure glaucoma or reverse loss of vision which has already been affected. Regular eye examination is the key to help detect this disease in early stages and preserve healthy vision.

At Neoretina, with our team of super specialists and advanced state-of-the-art equipment we are fully geared not only to detect early stages of Glaucoma but also its treatment and surgical management.

Glaucoma is the leading causes of irreversible blindness worldwide. In India alone, it affects around 12 million people; India is projected to become the world capital of glaucoma by 2020. The sight loss caused by glaucoma is progressive and, unlike cataract, is irreversible. Fortunately, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent blindness.

Since most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain, it is important to see your eye doctor regularly so that it can be diagnosed early and glaucoma treatment can be done and an irreversible sight loss can be prevented. If you are over 40 years of age and have a family history of glaucoma, you should have a complete eye exam with an eye doctor at a glaucoma treatment hospital after every one to two years.

A fluid known as aqueous nourishes the front part of the eye. In the normal eye, the rate of production of aqueous matches the rate of its drainage, thereby maintaining optimal pressure inside the eye. With age, disease, trauma or other factors, the channels carrying this fluid may get blocked, increasing the pressure inside the eye. This increased pressure damages the optic nerve, which is the conduit of visual messages to the brain. Working silently, glaucoma damages the outer or peripheral vision first while maintaining the central vision and if not treated on time it may lead to loss of central vision and blindness.

Glaucoma is also called the silent thief of sight because in the early stages of the disease, there may be no symptoms. By the time glaucoma is detected, the patient has already suffered extensive peripheral vision damage which can no longer be restored. The statistics reveal that by the time people realize that something is amiss and consult a doctor for glaucoma treatment, 90% of them have lost half of their vision. It comes so slowly that it goes unnoticed in most of the people. Worldwide, it is the leading cause of irreversible blindness.

Early detection is the key to preserve vision. Once detected, glaucoma can be controlled by medicines (eye drops) or surgery to prevent further vision loss. This can only be done through disciplined and regular glaucoma treatment from an eye specialist. Treatment of Glaucoma is life-long. Glaucoma treatment may include medical management, surgical management or management by lasers.

Recent Advances in Glaucoma Management
In recent times, there have been a number of advancements in glaucoma management. In the investigational aspect, we now have more sophisticated machines which are able to detect Glaucoma at a very early stage, when no damage to the fibers of the eyes has occurred and this helps in starting the glaucoma treatment on time thereby actually preventing the onset of any possible damage to the eye.

The availability of superior anti glaucoma eye drops has also helped a lot. Newer formulations in medications have also been introduced lately thereby creating wider choice of treatment options for the ophthalmologist.

Management of glaucoma by lasers has also seen ushering in of newer technology where acute angle closure can be promptly dealt with, even when the conventional technique of making a hole by YAG laser does not yield desired results. Apart from the above breakthroughs, at Neoretina, we also possess a number of new techniques in glaucoma surgery like planting the glaucoma filtration device (for controlled filtration), new kind of valves and use of sophisticated vitreoretinal techniques to help in conducting complicated glaucoma procedures which make Neoretina the preferred destination for best glaucoma treatment.

The introduction of sophisticated techniques for glaucoma treatment provides tremendous hope for the future of comprehensive medical and surgical management of glaucoma. The goal of glaucoma treatment is to lower pressure in the eye thereby reducing the damage to the optic nerve. To treat your condition, doctor may choose to either lower the eye pressure through medicated eye drops, or improve drainage of fluid in the eye or lower the amount of the fluid produced in the eye.